These are being made in Germany. These pretties are actually made of compressed cotton and then coated with a shimmery pearl finish! This process produces a very solid and rock hard pearl bead that is light as a feather!. These faux cotton pearls are very sturdy under normal wear. Did I mention that these are shimmery? Absolutely stunning! The holes are larger on one side than the other due to the spun process. These are sold individually.